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Decoration techniques

Examples of decoration techniques are showed below.

Every folk flute maker in Slovakia develops over years his own ornamentation style to carve or stain onto the outside of the instrument that identifies his instruments. All the ornaments are created solely by hand which makes every instrument a work of art - an original.

Fujara flutes are traditionaly decorated in rich plant-flower ornamentation. Traditional ornaments are carved, stained or inlaid into the instrument's wood by various methods.

Perhaps the most traditional Fujara decoration techniques are carving and acid pickling.

Personal plant-flower ornaments are marked into the instruments wood by various methods:

By all ornamentation techniques, the ornament is first pre-drawn by hand onto the instrument's wood.


Ornaments are hand carved by sharp knife into the wood creating thus a v-shaped groove. Then the wood is stained and finished in natural varnish.

Acid Etching:

Special acid lotion is drop after drop applied onto the pre-carved ornaments using a simple wooden stick. After some rest, as the acid staines the wood to nice light-brown color, the instrument is finished in natural varnish.

Deep Cut:

Ornaments are deep cut into the instrument surface solely by hand creating an original woodcarving piece of work. Instrument is then finished in natural varnish. Otional brown stain can be aplied as well.

Copper Inlaying:

Ornaments are created by beating of specialy bent pieces of copper wire into the instrument's wood. Instrument is then finished in a dark pigmented varnish to achieve superior final effect.

Decoration of various folk woodwind instruments has in Slovakia very long tradition.

Woodwinds, and especially the Fujara, were the instruments of Slovak shepherds. At long meanders with their sheep, Slovak shepherds usually played their belowed woodwind instrument. Its voice calmed the sheep and they could better and peacefuly nimble. Inbetween, they carved into their instrument's wood various ornaments figuring their sheeps, shepherd's life closely connected with nature, plants and flowers. This over years developed into decoration styles and for Fujara, the plant-flower ornament developed into tradition. It was the nature of Slovak shepherd's to decorate their most beloved instruments and give them thus a personal mark and look.

Original shepherd's Fujara was bit shorter, reaching just to the armpit to serve as a walking stick and prop while standing too.

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